His results were published in , and showed his work to be more precise than Dalton's earlier and more simplistic experiments. He suffered from ill health during his last days and died on 9 May , in Paris, France. They were particularly impressed by one of the properties of this new gas, the dense fumes produced when it came into contact with the air; they compared these fumes with the fumes produced by the reaction of muriatic-acid gas and ammonia. He carefully examined the new compound, establishing its composition and showing that it combined with alkalies to form salts cyanides. Joseph Louis Gay Lussac was a French chemist and physicist who made notable advances in applied chemistry. Google's machine translation is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia.
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac , Personal life, Injuries, Interesting facts
However, he soon dropped out to pursue his interest in chemistry. Davy, passing through Paris on his way to Italy at the end of , obtained a few fragments of iodine, which had been discovered by Bernard Courtois in , and after a brief examination by the aid of his limited portable laboratory perceived its analogy to chlorine and inferred it to be an element. Gay-Lussac was a key figure in the development of the new science of volumetric analysis. Of course, Amedeo Avogadro had already worked out the answer to this one equal volumes of gasses contain the same number of particles , but he was not appreciated or understood for many years to come, so Dalton continued to fight against Gay-Lussac until the weight of subsequent evidence became so overwhelming he had to grudgingly give in. Asphyxia Drowning Hypothermia Immersion diuresis Instinctive drowning response Laryngospasm Salt water aspiration syndrome Swimming-induced pulmonary edema.
He is most often recognized for the Pressure Law which established that the pressure of an enclosed gas is directly proportional to its temperature and which he was the first to formulate c. Only at the very end, when the disease from which he was suffering left him no hope, did he complain with some bitterness of the hardship of leaving this world where the many discoveries being made pointed to yet greater discoveries to come. In , he was appointed demonstrator to A. This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German.
Gay-Lussac improved on most earlier work by taking precautions to exclude water vapor from his apparatus and to use dry gases. Gay-Lussac made a second ascent, on 16 September , but this time by himself, in order to lessen the weight of the balloon and thus reach a greater height. Davy on his side seems to have felt that the French chemist was competing with him, not altogether fairly, in trying to appropriate the honor of discovering the character of the substance and of its compound, hydriodic acid. In , he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. On the basis of these analyses, they divided vegetable substances into three classes according to the proportion of hydrogen and oxygen contained in them. The law is often attributed to Jacques Charles because Gay-Lussac mentioned some experiments Charles had done demonstrating the law in particular cases.